How to Crochet a Hat
Basic Crochet Hat Pattern

Here is how to crochet a hat any style any size - beginner crochet hat pattern and tutorial. You do not need a gauge as for other patterns and you can use any yarn you have (just make sure you have the suitable crochet hook size). You need only one measurement - a head circumference, and two simple formulas to get the needed size. This crochet hat tutorial teaches how to crochet a hat such as a basic beanie, earflap with or without a ties, cloche hat, newsboy cap and fringed hat.

Crochet Hat Pattern

How to Crochet a Hat Any Style Any Size

This crochet hat pattern shows how to crochet a basic beanie as a base and then how to add (if needed) earflaps, brim for the cloche, ruffles or a visor for the newsboy cap.

Step 1. Measure the head circumference.

To ensure the proper fit of the hat we use head circumference. It is a measurement of a child’s (adults') head around its largest area -- it measures the distance from above the eyebrows and ears and around the back of the head.

If you can't obtain the exact measurement, here is the approximate measurements (head circumferences) for the ages:

Preemie baby: 11" -12" or 28 cm - 30.5 cm

Newborn baby: 13 " or 33 cm

Baby 2 weeks - 3 months: 14 " or 35.5 cm

Baby 3-6 months: 15" or 38 cm

Baby 6-9 months: 16" or 40.5 cm

Baby 9-12 months: 16 1/2 " or 42 cn

Baby 12-18 months: 17 " or 43.5 cm

Baby 18-24 months: 18 " or 46 cm

Toddler 2 years - 5 years: 18" - 19 " or 46 cm - 48.5 cm

Child 19"- 20" or 48.5cm - 51 cm

teenager 20-21" or 51 cm - 53.5 cm

Adult woman 22" or 56 cm

Adult man 23" or 59 cm

Step 2. How to Crochet a Flat Circle Top of the Hat

How to crochet a hat? Every crochet hat pattern starts from the top of the hat. The top of the hat is a flat round circle. The diameter of this flat round circle is your needed head circumference divided by 3.14. The diameter is a measurement of a circle in the thicker part (through the center). For example, you are making a hat for a newborn baby and the head circumference is 13" or 33 cm. The diameter of the flat circle bottom of the hat for this baby should be: 13" / 3.14 = 4.14" (10.5 cm)

Note: To crochet a flat round circle you'll need to add (increase) only 6 stitches in every row if you use SC (singlestitches) or 12 stitches if you use DC (double stitches),(not more, not less - that's a rule of a flat circle). Those 6 or 12 stitches in each row should be spaced evenly. In this tutorial we will use SC (single crochets).

If you crochet a hat in solid color (no stripes), there is no need to finish each row with a slip stitch and no need to begin each row with a CH 1. Work in spiral and attach a stitch marker to the last stitch of the row and move it up as you work progresses.

Row #1: CH 3, join in the ring with a slip stitch. SC 6 in the ring. Total = 6 stitches after completing this row.

Row #2: 2SC in each stitch (Make 2 SC in every stitch of the previous row). Total = 12 stitches after completing this row.

Row #3: [SC, 2SC] repeat [ ] 6 times. This means: make a SC in the first stitch of the row, make 2 Sc in the second stitch of the row, and repeate this pattern 5 more times.

In other words, you make an increase in every second stitch of this row and the total number of stitches after completing this row is 18.

Row #4: [SC 2, 2 SC] repeat [ ] 6 times. This means: make a SC in the first stitch of the row, make a SC in the second stitch of the row, make 2 SC together in the third stitch of the row. Repeat this pattern 5 more times. Total number of stitches will 24 after completing of this row.

Row #5: [SC 3, 2SC] repeat [ ] 6 times. In other words, make a SC in the first stitch of the row, make a SC in the second stitch of the row, make a SC in the third stitch of the row, make 2 SC together in the 4th stitch of the row. Repeat this pattern 5 more times. Total number of stitches will 30 after completing of this row.

Measure the diameter of your flat circle. If you need more rows, continue rows adding 6 SC stitches for every row spaced evenly.

For example, Row #6 will be: [SC 4, 2 SC] repeat [ ] 6 times, total = 36 stitches, Row #7 will be: [SC 5, 2SC] repeat [ ] 6 times, total = 42 stitches and so on untill you reach the needed diameter.


Here is how to crochet the center of the hat in pictures:

CH 3, join in a ring with a slip stitch

Row #1: SC 6 in the ring (make 6 SC stitches in the center) and attach a stitch marker to the last (6th)SC stitch to indicate the end of the row (it can be a safety pin as well).

Row #2: 2 SC in each stitch

Row #3: [SC, 2 SC] repeat [ ] 6 times

and so on until you reach the needed diameter

Step 3. How to Crochet the Sides of the Hat.

After you made the flat round bottom of the hat, you need to make the sides. In other words, now you need to ensure the proper height of the hat. The formula for the height from top to bottom is:

Head circumference /10 x 4.

For example, if you make a hat for the newborn baby, the head circumference is 13". The height of the hat will be:

13/10 x 4 = 5.2 ''

After you reach needed diameter of the flat circle bottom of the hat, continue to make rows without increase (do not add more stitches), make SC in SC all the way around for as many rows as needed to reach the desired height of the hat.

The basic hat is ready! Finish the last row with a slip stitch. If you are making the beanie, make a row of slip stitches all around the edge of the hat - it will give the beanie the finished look:


Weave in the loose ends and enjoy the hat. You can now crochet some appliques or flowers for the hat. Your beanie is ready!

Now the base of the hat is ready. You can leave it as it is (the beanie version) or you can continue and make an earflap, a cap, a cloche and many other styles. If you want to continue, do not make a row of slip stitches, this is only for the beanie. After you've made the slip stitch at the end of the last row of the hat continue according to your choice of style.


How to Crochet a Hat: an Earflap

This is the crochet pattern for an earflap hat. After you've crocheted the basic beanie and made a slip stitch at the end of the last row, do not cut off the yarn and star the first earflap:

First earflap:

Row #1: CH 1 and SC 7

Row #2: Turn and SC 6 (do not make a CH 1 at the beginning of Row #2 and you will "loose" 1 stitch

Row #3: Turn and SC 5

Row #4: Turn and SC 4

Row #5: Turn, SC 3

Row #6: Turn, SC 2

Row #7: Turn, SC 1

Making ties.

If you do not want to make a tie, cut off the yarn, weave in the end and start the second earflap. Otherwise continue the tie:
1) CH 15-25 depending on how long do you like the ties to be

2) Slip stitch in the second from the hook stitch

3) Slip stitches along the chain, the last slip stitch make in the earflap. Cut off the yarn, weave in the end and start the second earflap.

Second earflap:

Fold the hat as shown in the first picture and find the place for the beginning of the second earflap (where my hook is inserted in the first picture). (Note that the space between earflaps on the back side of the hat is approximately 1/2 of the space between the earflap on the face side). Attach the yarn and make the second earflap and (or) the tie repeating the Rows 1-7 for the first earflap. The hat is ready!



How to Crochet a Cloche (Fedora) Hat

Left picture: this is where you finished your basic hat.

Right pictures:CH 1, and make 2 SC in each stitch around the hat.

Right pictures: Finish the row with a slip stitch

Left picture: Weave in the end and the cloche hat is ready!


How to Crochet a Cap (Newsboy Hat)

After you've completed the basic hat and made a slip stitch at the end of the last row:

CH 1, make 2 SC in each stitch around the row approximately for 1/2 (or less) of the row, slip stitch, cut off the yarn and weave in the end. The cloche hat is ready!



How to Crochet a Hat with Ruffles.

After completing the basic hat and making a slip stitch at the end of the last row:

Row #1: CH 1 and make 3 SC in each stitch all around the row, slip stitch at the end of the row.

Row #2: CH 1 and make 2 SC in each stitch all around the row, slip stitch at the end of the row.

The result is ruffled edge. Add a crochet flower and the pretty girly hat is ready :)

Crochet Flower Patterns

Crochet Applique Patterns



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