Crochet Stitches.

Here you can find all you need to know as a beginner about basic crochet stitches: how to make them, explanations with step-by-step pictures just in case you need to review the stitches or learn them. All the stitches you need to start (and successfully finish!) your beginner crochet project are:

Slip knot, Chain, Slip stitch, Single crochet and Double crochet. You also need to know how to increase stitches and decrease stitches. That’s it and you wouldn’t believe how far you can go with only these few simple stitches! :) And some advanced and complicated stuff you will master later J


How to make a CROCHET SLIP KNOT.


Almost every crochet project starts with a crochet slip knot. There are multiple ways to make it. This knot serves as a basic for your first stitch and is usually unvisible in the project, that's why it's not so important how exactly you've made it. If you can't figure it out - just make a simple double knot around the crochet hook, it will work too. :)

The crochet slip knot is usually not mentioned in crochet patterns and instructions, but you cannot start to crochet anything without making it first. :)

Here is one of the ways to make a crochet slip knot:

Make a loop around the hook, place the short end of the yarn over the hook, "hook" it and draw it through the loop.

This is step-by-step instruction: how to make a slip knot.

Voila! The crochet slip knot is done and you can start a chain!


How to make a CROCHET CHAIN STITCH.

Most crochet projects starts with a crochet slip knot which continues in a chain. Chain stitch is a first stitch for a beginner to learn.

The abbreviation for this stitch: CH, Ch, ch. For example, CH 5 means you need to make 5 chain stitches (the slip knot in the beginning is usually NOT mentioned and NOT counted)

This is the Crochet Slip Knot.

Hold the short end of the yarn between your thumb and the third finger and place the yarn over the hook in front of the loop of the slip knot.

Hook the yarn and draw it through the loop. The first chain stitch is ready, repeat as many times as needed :)

Here is the chain! :)


How to make a CROCHET SLIP STITCH.

Slip stitches are very usable. You can use them to finish the row, to join elements (stitches and details), or as a finishing edge. The abbreviation for the slip stitch is: sl st or Sl St.

Insert your crochet hook into the spot where you want to make a slip stitch, hook the yarn and draw it through that spot and through the loop on your crochet hook at once.
(Slip stitches are in blue yarn)

Almost all crochet patterns using circles (hats, bags and more) start with the phrase: CH 3, join in a ring with a slip stitch.

This is how to do that:

This is CH 3 - chain of 3 stitches

Insert the hook in the first stitch of the chain, yo have 2 loops on your hook.

Yarn over the hook and draw the yarn through both loops.

The beginning and the end of the chain joined in a ring with a slip stitch. :)


How to make a SINGLE CROCHET STITCH.

This is the most popular ccrochet stitch to create a body of your project. The Single Crochet Stitch ia also a base for other stitches as well. Abbreviation used for this stitch: SC, Sc, sc.

Note: * if the number of stitches is AFTER the abbreviation, make needed number of stitches each in the next following stitch. for example: SC 3 meand: make a SC in the nearest stitch, another SC in the next following stitch and another SC in the next stitch (in other words, make 3 SC stitches in 3 stitches, one-by-one)

*If the number of stitches is BEFORE the abbreviation, make all needed stitches in one stitch as an increase (usually 2 stitches, rare 3 and almost never more). For example: 2 SC means: make 2 SC in one nearest stitch (this is an increase).

* [SC 3, 2 SC] means: make SC, SC, SC, 2SC in one stitch.


Step 1: Insert hook in the stitch of the previous row (it can be a beginning chain if this is your first row).

Step 2: Yarn over the hook

Step 3: Draw up the loop: now you have 2 loops on your crochet hook

Step 4: Yarn over again and draw it through the both loops at once.

Now you have only one loop on your hook. The stitch is completed.

Make as many SC stitches as needed till the end of the row.

Turn the work for the next row, make a chain stitch (CH1) and continue making SC slitches for the next row till the end.

Slip stitch square :)


How to make an INCREASE for a Single Crochet Stitch:
Increase means that you make 2 stitches (or more) of the current row in one stitch of the previous row to increase the number of stitches in the current row.


Just make another single crochet stitch in the same stitch as the previous one (the 2 stitches forms letter "V").


How to make a DECREASE for a Single Crochet Stitch:
Decrease means that you crochet 2 stitches (or more) of the current row together so in the next row it will be only one stitch instead of 2 or 3stitches (or more). Let's say you need to decrease 2 stitches: make Steps 1-3 for the first SC stitch and hold 2 loops on the hook, then make Steps 1-3 for the second SC stitch in the next stitch. Now you have 3 loops on your hook. Complete Step 4 for both stitches together: yarn over and draw it through the 3 loops at once, joining the two stitches at the top.

Incert the hook in the next stitch, yarn over, pull the yarn through the stitch, hold 2 loops on the hook.

Incert the hook in the next stitch, yarn over.

Pull the yarn through the stitch. You have 3 loops on the hook.

Yarn over and complete 2 SC stitches together drawing the yarn through 3 loops at once. The result is two SC stitches joined at the top (opposite to increase where stitches are joined at the bottom).


How to make a DOUBLE CROCHET STITCH.

This stitch uses a Single Crochet Sitch as a base adding 1 more level to it. The abbreviation for that stitch is DC, Dc or dc.

Step 1: tYarn over (yes, BEFORE you insert the hook in the stitch of the previous row).

Step 2: the hook in the stitch of the previous row

Step 3: Yarn over again, hook the yarn.

Step 4: Draw the yarn through the first loop from the left.

Step 5: Yarn over the hook again and draw the yarn through the first two left loops at once.

Step 6: Yarn over the hook one last time and draw the yarn through remaining 2 loops at once.

The Double Crochet stitch is completed! :)


How to make an INCREASE for a Double Crochet Stitch:
Increase means that you make 2 stitches (or more) of the current row in one stitch of the previous row to increase the number of stitches in the current row.

It is simple! Just make the second Double Crochet stitch in the same stitch as the previous Double Crochet stitch. They will look like the letter "V" - 2 stitches joined at the base! :)


How to make a DECREASE for the Double Crochet Stitches.
Decrease means that you crochet 2 stitches (or more) of the current row together so in the next row it will be only one stitch instead of 2 or 3stitches (or more). Let's say you need to decrease 2 stitches: make Steps 1-6 for the first DC stitch and hold 2 loops on the hook, then make Steps 1-5 for the second DC stitch in the next stitch. Now you have 3 loops on your hook. Complete Step 6 for both stitches together: yarn over and draw it through the 3 loops at once, joining the two stitches at the top.

Make Steps 1-5 for the first DC stitch. Hold 2 loops on the hook.

In the next stitch: make Steps 1-5 for the second DC stitch.

Yarn over and complete Step 6 for the both stitches together drawing the yarn through all 3 loops at once.

The result: 3 Dc stitches joined at the top (the opposite to increase, where 2 stitches are joined at the bottom).


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